- To promote knowledge, science, and technology in Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics
- To bring together researcher, scientist, practitioner and scholar in the field of Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics
We will mainly discus 10 topics of Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics.
1. Crop Production and Environment:
Crop production as a branch of agriculture is a complex business, dealing with growing crops for use as food, feed, fuel and fiber. It encompasses various fields and expertise, such as biology, agronomy, forestry, environment, and also covers a variety of operations throughout the year. Degree of crop production depends on the capacity of crop production system in adjusting to or tolerating the environmental conditions. In order to improve crop productivity, application of basic sciences and expertise is necessary in adjusting the crop production practices to meet the environmental conditions, combining agroforestry in land use, assessing planting time to deal with water availability, employing proper pest management, maintaining good soil and fertility conditions, and using good agricultural practices to preserve the environment in sustainable manner. This session will discuss on how to assess problems of the crop production under various conditions, possible topics are related to the application of crop production technologies based on the conditions of specific location to ensure the wise use of science-based production technologies.
2. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology:
Crop productivity needs to be consistently improved in order to provide a sustainable food supply for the ever-increasing population. However, the efforts to increase crop production are very often faced with serious obstacles, including abiotic stresses, such as deterioration of soil conditions, high salinity, extreme temperatures, and drought; and biotic stresses, such as plant pests and diseases. Generating new varieties that can withstand or adjust to the obstacles through plant breeding and plant biotechnology is a promising approach.
In this session of the conference, the latest development of plant breeding will be discussed, including the latest techniques and application of Cytoplasmic Male Sterile (CMS) and hybrisoma in hybrid plant production, chromosome doubling, mutation breeding, apomictic seeds, and parthenocarpy and other plant breeding techniques in order to increase plant production both in quantity and quality. In this session, topics on the application of plant biotechnology will be also discussed, including genomic technologies for tropical agriculture, production of hybrid plants, genetic modification in plants, and plant molecular biology. Transgenic organisms can offer a range of benefits that emerged from innovations in traditional agricultural biotechnology and this session will try to get the best answers about the possible biotechnology and genetic engineering technology that can be used to increase food security and to maintain sustainable agriculture in the tropic considering all of the risks concerned.
3. Biodiversity and Climate Change:
Biodiversity and climate change are believed to have crucial links in which biodiversity is threatened by climate change, but proper management of biodiversity can reduce the impact of climate change. Numerous evidence indicate that climate change is already affecting biodiversity and will continue to do so and cover a wide range of activities and fields. The tropical/subtropical regions, inhabited mostly by developing countries, will probably suffer the worst impact of global climate changes as their current climate is already near the maximum termal limits of agro-ecosystems. These impacts include wide-scale socio-economic changes such as degradation and losses of natural resources, low agricultural production and lower crop yields, increased risks of hunger, and insecure food and feed resources.
Papers presented in this session can address topics related to climate change and biodiversity, adaptation and mitigation of climate change, sustainable resource management, preservation and enhancement of ecosystem, maintenance and restoration of native ecosystems, and climate change and agriculture production. Papers reporting results of research activities that promote mitigation or adaptation to climate change are highly encouraged.
4. Integrated Pest Management:
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective, efficient, and ecologically sound pest control approach that takes into account all available common-sense tactics, including inaction. IPM programs, with a focus on economic and long-term prevention and suppression of pest populations, take advantage of all compatible and appropriate pest control tactics available, including the judicious use of pesticides. Effective IPM programs encompass regular field scouting, record keeping, action levels, prevention, tactic choice, and program evaluation. This session of the conference accommodates discussion on all aspects of Integrated Pest Management, including but not limited to: legal, biological, cultural, mechanical, and chemical alternatives to plant pest and disease control. The discussion could focus on a particular control option or on the use of more than one tactic in an IPM scheme. In addition, the session also accommodates reports on IPM-related policies, IPM implementation experiences, successes, challenges, prospects, and evaluation.
5. Genetically Modified Foods, Food Safety and Product Development:
One of the most important pillars of food security is food production. Efforts to increase food production have been done for thousands of years in the form of selective breeding and crossbreeding. Demands for greater global food production have brought about the development of more advanced agricultural biotechnology such as genetic engineering. This latest technology has led to the development of new crop varieties with desired traits such as high yielding, pest resistance, drought resistance, herbicide resistance, and improved nutritional content. However, the use of genetic engineering in food production has brought about new concerns about food safety. The development of processing technologies and new food products can also play important roles in enhancing food security through greater utilization of food resources.
This session will address the above three important issues. Papers on GMF can deal with the development and application of biotechnology, including genetic engineering, in food production, health aspects, and ethical aspects of GMF. Papers on Food Safety can address topics on food safety management, food contaminants, food toxins, food spoilage, food analysis, food additives, and food preservatives. Food Product Development can discuss about novel food technology, functional food, healthy food processing technology, and development of processing technology for indigenous food.
6. Food Security Institutions:
Food security is a multi-dimensional development issue that requires a multi-stakeholder approach to establish properly. Food security encompasses food production, food distribution and supply chain, and food accessibility. The establishment of food security must be supported by sound policies and supporting institutions at rural, regional, and national levels.
This session will address food security from various viewpoints. Papers presented in this session can deal with food and development policies as well as institutions (rural, regional, and national institutions) which support food security, food supply chain, food distribution and market, and food access. In addition, gender studies related to food security are also relevant in this session. Other topics broadly related to food security are also welcomed.
7. Geospatial Agriculture:
During the last three decades, the use of geospatial information technology to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of agricultural practices at different scales has increased tremendously. Use of geospatial information through the utilization of geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing (RS), and global positioning system (GPS) has greatly assisted in the advancement of highly precise technology application in agriculture practices. This session deals with various topics focusing on techniques and applications of geospatial technology in agriculture systems, including geographic information systems, remote sensing, global positioning system, spatial modelling, as well as spatial decision support system (SDSS). All of these systems may be used individually or in combination or in an integrated manner to increase the effectiveness of agriculture system processes within the context of, for instances, land survey and mapping, on-farm management (soil, water, crop, pest control, fertilizer, etc), and off-farm activities on a spatial basis. This session very much welcomes discussion on the concept and application of precision agriculture on a spatial context that has been successfully implemented in various regions and nations.
8. Rural Development:
Rural environment is considered as a complex phenomenon, where a considerable number of problems exist, particularly in the management of its abundant resources from the perspectives of biophysical, socio-economic, and policy making. This should be dealt with by implementing rural development approach that provides solution to many obstructions in different development sectors. This session deals with rural/agricultural development issues in Asia which remain unsolved to date. It covers rural livelihood, rural socio-economy, and how the rural societies, especially smallholders help poverty reduction, or entry-exit poverty. There has been a strong assumption that rural development can be expected to alleviate poverty and increasing welfare, but it is very difficult to determine the causal factors, which can be transformed into the policy formulation to assist resource managers in decision making. This session will also try to link between possible financialization system and rural transformation by examining how the rural economies might be reformulated by financial entities, social changes and its challenges in rural policy. In addition, peoples’ participation in rural development to ensure sustainable agriculture at different levels will also be covered.
9. Sustainable Livestock Production:
Animal Production has been developed very rapidly to provide food of high nutrition and to satisfy human needs. In addition, animal production has also served as an important income source for millions of farmers. Therefore, advances in animal production technologies are of paramount importance. The session on sustainable livestock production in this international seminar will provide a platform for animal science scientists, researchers, general practitioners, policy makers, and other stakeholders to discuss various aspects of livestock production.
Papers presented in this session can cover topics in the areas of animal breeding and genetics, animal reproduction, animal feed and nutrition, forages and pastures, poultry production, animal products and technology, animal production management, socio economic of livestock, waste and environmental issues of livestock, and other aspects related to the livestock production system. Papers dealing with optimization of local resources in producing higher and better animal products without causing negative impacts on the environment are highly encouraged.
10. Sustainable Marine Food Security and Diversity:
This session covers various topics related to diversification and improvement of the quality of food sources from coastal and marine environments including seaweeds, fin-fishes, crustacean, mollusks, etc. Improvement of the quantity and quality of marine foods/products are developed through a better resource/fisheries management and aquaculture (including genetic engineering) as well as better processing technology. Adapting to climate change, reducing environmental impacts/degradation, improving related ecosystems, and better understanding socio-ecological interactions will also be discussed in the context of how coastal and marine related resources/products can support food security, safety, and sovereignty in the future.